The surge of non recyclable plastics caused by the

2022-08-03
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With the rapid growth of takeout applications, we are inundated with takeout lunch boxes, tableware and bags. Researchers and recyclers say that the vast majority of plastic high and low temperature experimental equipment will eventually be discarded, buried, or incinerated together with other garbage during the experimental process

[China Packaging News] with the rapid growth of takeout applications, we are inundated by takeout lunch boxes, tableware and bags. Researchers and recyclers say the vast majority of plastic will eventually be discarded, buried, or burned with other waste

scientists estimate that in 2017, China's take away business generated 1.6 million tons of packaging waste, nine times that of two years ago. Including 1.2 million tons of plastic boxes, 175000 tons of disposable chopsticks, 164000 tons of plastic bags and 44000 tons of plastic spoons. Taken together, this is more than all kinds of residential and commercial waste that the whole city handles every year. In 2018, this total increased to about 2million tons

China still produces less plastic waste per capita than the United States. But researchers estimate that nearly three-quarters of China's plastic waste ends up in poorly managed landfills or open-air places, where it is easy for plastic waste to enter the sea. China has more plastic flowing into the world's oceans than any other country. It takes centuries for plastics to decompose in the sea

recyclers try to convert some plastic waste in China into usable forms for use by factories in the country. Government statistics show that China recycles about a quarter of its plastic, while the proportion in the United States is less than 10%

but in China, takeout boxes are basically not recycled. They need to be cleaned first. And it's too light. Waste collectors need to save a lot to get enough weight to sell to recyclers

"it's worthless to waste half a day to earn a few cents," said Ren Yong, 40, who will collect waste products in an office building in the center with a total output value of 10billion yuan in Shanghai by 2025. He said he would throw away the takeout box

for many people in Chinese cities who work too hard or are simply lazy, major takeout platforms such as meituan and hungry are replacing their own cooking or dining out as a more popular way to obtain food. The shipping costs are so cheap and the discounts offered by these apps are so great that you might think that it is normal and reasonable to order a cup of coffee and deliver it to your door. Yuanruqian knew that was not the case. But she has also gone with the tide. For example, when she wants to eat ice cream, but the new dippin dots seems too far away. Or when she orders lunch takeout - she orders takeout almost every day. Asked about the garbage she generated, the 27 year old Shanghai financial practitioner said: "laziness is the root of all evil."

the transformation of daily life is rapid. Meituan said that it sent 6.4 billion ordering orders last year, a sharp increase of nearly 60% over 2017. The total value of these orders is $42billion, which means an average of $6.50 per order - almost enough to order a decent single meal in major cities in China

are you hungry? Similar figures have not been disclosed. However, according to the statistics of analysis company iResearch consulting, the total amount of orders sent by major takeaway applications in China in 2018 was $70billion

by comparison, the total sales of meals delivered in the United States is expected to be $19billion this year. Uber said that its Uber eats service generated US $7.9 billion of orders worldwide last year. Grubhub reported that 159million orders were generated in 2018, with food sales of US $5.1 billion, or an average price of US $32 per order

globally, the convenience of such services may be accompanied by some costs that are easy to be ignored. For example, labor disputes. Or the road where the safety hazard is increased sharply because the caterer rides around on a motorcycle. Plastic waste is also easy to ignore, although it is being produced on an alarming scale and is not properly disposed of

the takeout application may indirectly encourage restaurants to increase plastic consumption. In China, the businesses operating in meituan and hungry are highly dependent on users' comments on Wansheng's efforts to provide customers with accurate services. In order to avoid being badly criticized for spilling food, they prefer to use heavier lunch boxes or multiple sets of fresh-keeping films to wrap food

workers look for recyclable materials in the garbage, and takeout boxes are usually not included

"meituan is wholeheartedly committed to reducing the impact of food delivery on the environment," the company said in a statement, and mentioned measures such as letting users choose not to use disposable tableware

Alibaba, the owner and e-commerce giant, declined to comment

China is carrying out a large-scale action to solve the problem of its garbage collection system, although there are gaps. If it were not for this, the problem of garbage overflow might not be so serious. In this country, garbage collection has always been an unregulated drudgery. Its driving force is more the business opportunity to extract value from others' discards than the consideration of green environmental protection

the government now wants a recycling industry that does not damage the environment or cause illness among workers. But this transformation has not been smooth. In recent years, China has banned the import of a variety of waste products, and instead hopes that recyclers can focus on dealing with domestic waste. This, however, has cut off a lucrative business for garbage collectors and left American cities scrambling to find new dumping grounds for their cardboard and plastic. Some cities have been forced to end their recycling programs

other policies may have inadvertently reduced the amount of recyclables recovered in Chinese homes and offices. In Beijing, the government launched a large-scale campaign to "improve the quality of the urban population" -- a euphemism for expelling migrant workers -- which affected many people who worked as waste collectors

in order to clean the dirty air in Beijing, the government also banned "small and disorderly enterprises" in the capital region. Investigators have since shut down hundreds of small plastic waste cleaning and treatment workshops in poor conditions

some people don't think this is a big loss. For many years, environmental researcher Mao DA has been studying the plastic industry in Wen'an County near Beijing. He said that employees there used to pick food and medical waste by hand. Non recyclable materials are dug and buried next to the farmland. "It is a great disaster for the local and regional environment and public health," Maoda said

however, at present, the crackdown has not prompted large specialized recycling companies to fill this gap. On the contrary, it puts the whole industry into an uncertain situation. "There are fewer people at the front end, fewer people at the middle and rear sections of the transportation, and no one to process and produce," said chenliwen, founder of zero waste village, a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting rural recycling activities in China. "The recovery rate will certainly decline in all aspects."

"here, the China Association of waste plastics has made the following advocacy on the pollution of takeaway packaging:"

first, vigorously develop green catering

to develop green catering and establish a sound energy-saving and economical development model for the catering industry is to advocate a green and low-carbon lifestyle and meet the growing needs of the people for a better life. In 2018, the Ministry of Commerce will promote the introduction of green catering standards, build a popular green catering service system, promote the industrialization of green catering, and cultivate a number of green restaurants, green catering enterprises (units) and green catering blocks. At the same time, we will strengthen the publicity of green catering, strengthen the guidance of consumption behavior, and form a good social atmosphere of "practicing thrift and fighting against catering waste". Local competent commercial departments shall, together with relevant departments, improve the working mechanism of green catering, improve policies and measures, timely summarize and promote the successful experience and practices of green catering development, and create a good atmosphere of "green life and green development" in the whole society

II. Actively promote green procurement

green procurement is an important content to guide green production, promote green consumption and promote circulation enterprises to build a green supply chain. In 2018, the Ministry of Commerce will focus on the implementation of the green procurement guidelines for enterprises (Trial), formulate green procurement industry standards, guide relevant associations, enterprises, scientific research institutions and colleges and universities to establish green procurement alliances, promote the connection between online and offline enterprises, and improve the proportion of green product procurement. Local competent commercial departments shall, in combination with local conditions, formulate relevant supporting measures, build green procurement information and service platforms, encourage circulation enterprises to expand green procurement, add green product counters or zones, and guide green consumption

III. strive to promote green packaging

promoting green packaging in the circulation field and solving plastic pollution play an important role in promoting green consumption. In 2018, the Ministry of Commerce will carry out the reduction of plastic shopping bags in green shopping malls. In combination with the national energy conservation publicity cycle, the Ministry of Commerce will advocate green shopping malls to reduce the use of plastic bags and guide green shopping malls to increase "plastic reduction" according to the size of the ultimate load of the test piece before the experiment. Formulate, publicize and implement green packaging standards in the field of circulation, and accelerate the process of green packaging standardization. Local competent commercial departments should strengthen policy guidance, actively play the role of industry associations, and do a good job in publicizing and implementing green packaging standards through issuing initiatives, so as to form a good social atmosphere for green packaging

IV. continue to promote green recycling

to carry out green recycling, accelerate the transformation and upgrading of renewable resources recycling industry, and promote the recycling of old automobile scrap is an important work to promote green consumption. In 2018, the Ministry of Commerce will promote the green development of sorting centers in large and medium-sized cities by formulating and revising the construction standards of green sorting centers. Publicize and promote the advanced experience and practices of green recycling, organize the preparation of case sets of new recycling modes of renewable resources, and guide the transformation and upgrading of the renewable resources recycling industry. Local competent commercial departments shall, in accordance with the requirements of the green recycling work plan (Annex 2), summarize and refine the new model of recycling innovation and submit it to the Ministry of Commerce (Circulation Development Department). At the same time, enterprises should be urged to log in to the "renewable resources information management system" of the Circulation Development Department of the Ministry of Commerce and the "national automobile circulation information management system" of the market construction department in time to complete the reporting work

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